COVID-19 and Migration Systems in Transition

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How is the coronavirus crisis impacting upon the regulation of migration and what are the effects on employers and workers?

The impact of coronavirus on global mobility and migration flows is unprecedented. Countries across the globe have implemented coronavirus related restrictions and border shutdowns, and migration within countries, for work reasons, have also been curtailed. Agents such as the UN United Nations have recognized that migrants, alongside asylum seekers and refugees, are a group particularly vulnerable to the effects of COVID19.

In this light, the specific effects of COVID-19 on migration need much closer attention. To address it, this project will examine how existing migration policy and regulation in countries is being affected by COVID-19 and what are the effects on workers. The project will develop a network of experts from WUN institutions in three countries - the UK, China, and Australia. The chosen diverse cases offer an opportunity to investigate the impact of a single common crisis on three migratory systems sharing some structural similarities, as well as national particularities: the internal migration in China, international temporary labour migration to Australia and the hybrid migration regime of the UK in the context of Brexit.

All three countries have existing regulatory systems in place towards migration, and importantly, all of these were in transition prior to the COVID-19 crisis. In Australia, temporary migrant worker schemes, established by government have grown, creating concerns over the creation of precariat labour force deprived of citizenship rights. In the UK, EU freedom of movement rules are still in place at least until the end of 2020, but the post-Brexit regulation of migration looks set to involve significant change. In China, the long-established hukou system of internal migration has been loosened over recent years especially for Tier 3 and Tier 2 cities allowing greater social inclusion of internal migrants.

The project will explore how these migrations systems in transition evolve as a result of the COVID-19 crisis. The project team will engage with main stakeholders that shape the migration process in current context: employers’ representatives, think tanks, migrant advisory groups, policymakers, practitioners and migrant workers themselves.

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