Jan 23, 2024
                       

Agricultural and societal survey to determine the prospect for bio-amendments in Ugandan agriculture

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The Research problem

Plant-parasitic nematodes place a major burden on Ugandan crop production and the pesticides commonly used in intensive agriculture are not suitable or affordable for smallholder farmers, of which Ugandan crop production is reliant. Most pesticides also have undesirable toxicity towards humans and non-target soil organisms. Bio-amendments such as arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) have the potential to enhance pest resistance of host plants, therefore contribute sustainably to improved yield, food security and household income for Ugandan farmers. The efficacy of bio-amendments on key pest species in Uganda is unknown, as is the appetite for uptake of a new agricultural practice by smallholders.
Research Design

(WP1) Our current research focuses on the potato cyst nematode that has recently been identified for the first time in East African countries including Uganda, Kenya and Rwanda. Potato is an important staple food crop for millions of people in these countries, although yields are well below their potential. We have shown that mycorrhizal fungi can limit losses to potato cyst nematodes in the potato crop. We will determine if the same bio-amendment can protect plants from attack by root-knot nematode, another important nematode pest that causes losses to a wide range of crops in Uganda. The effect of the bio-amendment on both nematode parasitism and on the growth and yield of the crop will be analysed.

(WP2) In order to deliver a change to Ugandan smallholders, we firstly need to assess the potential for uptake of new farming practices amongst the target group of Ugandan smallholder farmers. We will assess local agricultural practices and the prospects of introducing new methods. This will cover six main areas: 1) Gather the range of crops and their importance to smallholder agriculture in the Kampala region of Uganda. 2) Assess local knowledge of plant parasitic nematodes and bio-amendments. 3) Determine the practices employed by smallholders to mitigate plant parasitic nematodes, and the grower’s views on their efficacy. 4) Assess the awareness specifically regarding the use of mycorrhizal fungi for reducing pathogens/pests and increasing crop yields. 5) Assess what growers look for in new farming practices and how mycorrhizal fungi may have not yet met these requirements. 6) Assess the role of gender in the above considerations.

Project Objectives

At the end of the WUN-funded project we will (1) know if mycorrhizal fungi can specifically protect crops from the effects of the root-knot nematodes that are widespread in Africa, and (2) will have the necessary information to successfully implement bio-amendments in future trials with small-holder farmers in Uganda. WUN RDF is facilitating the network of three Universities in order to tackle the issue of crop protection in Uganda.

Who's involved

Dr Christopher Bell, Professor P E Urwin, The University of Leeds

Professor Herbert Talwana, University of Makerere