Developing and Researching the Economics and Mathematics of Selection (DREAMS): Global Perspectives

Developing and Researching the Economics and Mathematics of Selection: the DREAMS Network

The DREAMS network is a collaborative project funded via the WUN Research Development Fund (2016), with matched funding provided by the participating WUN-affiliated institutions. The initiative brings together international experts and researchers in order to extend and develop new approaches to understanding the selection of individuals into the professions, with medical selection as the main motivating example.

The programme consists of a series of three workshops, each with a selection-related theme, as well as a number of academic exchange fellowships for early careers researchers.

The first workshop was held in York in February 2017 and was focussed on ‘widening participation in the professions’.

The second workshop was held in Sydney in July 2017. This workshop investigated and debated best practice in developing Situational Judgement Tests (SJTs) to maximise reliability and validity for selection into the heathcare professions. This includes developing content, item formats (text and video based), scoring and modelling (including IRT and classical test theory approaches), and decision making.

The theme of the third workshop will be on the economics of selection.

Exchange visits

  • Ghent University/University of York (Lazaro Mwakesi): Develop an understanding and extend of pareto-optimal models of selection. 
  • University of Leeds/University of York (Lewis Paton): Develop further methodological expertise in numerical simulation.
  • United Nations/University of York (Charlotte Renwick): Develop conceptualisation of the economic and social impact of selection approaches within the context of low and middle income countries.
  • University of York/University of Sydney (Indako Clarke): understand approaches to managing and analysing big data relating to selection and consider how certain undesirable traits (e.g. self-handicapping and narcissism) could be identified using SJTs at selection.
  • University of Western Australia/University of York (Paul Tiffin and Lewis Paton): collaborate on how medical selection measures such as the Undergraduate Medicine and Health Sciences Admission Test (UMAT) and Graduate Medical Sciences Admissions Test (GAMSAT) can be further developed and validated, feeding into the revisions and online implementation planned by 2019.
  • University of Sydney/University of York (Paul Tiffin and Lewis Paton): explore the further development of SJTs within Australian medical selection, specifically considering how the measurement of additional concepts such as emotional intelligence can be incorporated.

Dr Paul Tiffin, University of York (Lead)
Dr Lewis Paton, University of York
Associate Professor Annette Mercer, University of Western Australia
Dr Carolyn Maccann, University of Sydney
Associate Professor Christopher Roberts, University of Sydney
Associate Professor Deborah O’Mara, University of Sydney

Global Higher Education and Research

Public Health (Non-communicable Disease)