Maastricht University

  • (Re)negotiating power to enhance resilience to climate change

    Climate change and threats to food security pose grand challenges to our global society. Critical scholarship demonstrates the role that power plays in maintaining pervasive inequities and social differences that, in turn, determine who becomes resilient to climate threats and how, and who stays trapped in systemic vulnerabilities. These insights suggest that we have to explicitly address uneven power relations to enhance resilience and climate-resilient food systems, especially with, and for those members of society who remain marginalised and silenced. This is a daunting task.

     

    This project will provide a novel and inclusive methodology to reducing threats to humanities in rural and urban settings, building on scholarship on ‘negotiating resilience in place’. Rather than expecting people to ‘be resilient’, we will examine how power structures and social norms are understood, contested, and negotiated, and how they facilitate or hinder resilience building. We will then assess how these deliberative spaces can be leveraged in the everyday lives of disenfranchised individuals and groups so that resilience and wellbeing for all become tangible, accessible, and lasting. We will first conduct a collaborative workshop to design methodologies inspired by participatory performance to make visible the hidden intersections between gender, agency, and power. Subsequently, we will test these methodologies through fieldwork across two sites, allowing for a comparative analysis of how social actors practice resilience in daily routines. Finally, we will identify and trial measures for overcoming uneven power relations that undermine just participation and equitable outcomes.

     

    This project will offer crucial insights for climate change scholarship on resilience-in-the-making, larger grant proposals, and projects that support inclusive adaptive decisions among at-risk populations. Our team consists of inspiring scholars and practitioners committed to fighting for equity in climate change solutions and inclusive and robust research relationships between WUN member universities and other valued partners.  

  • A Cross-National Study of Urban Solid Waste Management: Learnings and Way Forward

  • A global platform to harmonize and share thigh-worn accelerometer data: Towards the next generation of sedentary behaviour, physical activity, and sleep guidelines

  • Capability wellbeing and COVID-19: general population surveys in the UK, Australia and the Netherlands

  • Climate-Induced Migration: Global Scope, Regional Impacts and National Policy Frameworks

    According to the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre, globally more than 24 million people were displaced annually between 2008 and 2018 due to climate-related hazards, within and across borders. Large-scale migration in response to sudden-onset climate-related disasters and slow-onset environmental degradation and sea-level rise will place increased pressure on livelihoods, public health systems, infrastructure, and social services. This area of research requires attention to complex drivers as climate-induced reasons for migration interact with social, gendered, economic, and cultural contexts that produce diverse populations that either embark on uncertain migration trajectories or are unable to migrate.

  • Memorials to people who have died and to those missing during migration: a global project

  • Mental Health Impact and Access to Health and Social Care Services for Women Victims of Intimate Partner Violence

  • African Child and Youth Wellbeing in the Context of Migration and Displacement

    Internal and international migration are increasing, largely due to globalization and conflicts. High migration rates involving children and youth have been reported among African communities (Karagueuzian and Verdier-Chouchane 2014; UN 2013). For instance, as of December 31, 2016, Nigeria had 1,955,000 internally displaced persons (IDMC, 2018). Ghana has also established several refugee camps to respond to the needs of migrants fleeing wars in neighbouring countries. While there is an emerging literature describing the health challenges of African migrant children and youth in the Global North, there is a paucity of information regarding the health status of displaced children and youth in African countries, where displacement tends to exacerbate existing health challenges. This project will assemble a team to synthesize existing knowledge and increase the evidence on the health of migrant and displaced children and youths in Africa and the global diaspora. 

  • Big Data

  • DAPPER - Data Analysis with Privacy Protection for Epidemiological Research

    DAPPER stands for Data Analysis with Privacy Protection for Epidemiological Research. Firstly, it will organise a workshop focusing on tools and approaches allowing sensitive data to be shared and analysed without being physically transferred between researchers. The effective exploitation of what are often called Big Data is increasingly important. They provide the “evidence” in “evidence-based health care” and underpin scientific progress in many domains including social/economic policy. 

  • The WUN Data Science Network (WUN-DSN)

    Advances in the availability of Big Data, and in technologies that manage and extract insights therefrom, continue to outpace their application in: research and innovation; and policies to balance their societal risks/benefits. The WUN Data Science Network (WUN-DSN) aims to examine how Data Science might broaden and strengthen research insight and impact; and how organisational structures, training opportunities and professional self-regulation might facilitate the uptake of data science techniques.

  • Early Life Opportunities for the Prevention of Non-communicable Disease in Developing Countries

    Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), particularly cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer and obstructive lung disease, cause 35 million deaths each year, which account for 60% of all deaths globally. Eighty percent of these deaths occur in low and middle income countries. NCDs are rapidly increasing—WHO estimates a 17% increase over the next decade globally, with a 27% increase in Africa, 25% in the Eastern Mediterranean and the highest number of deaths in the Western Pacific and South-East Asia.

  • Economics

    This theme takes a broad approach to Economics, encompassing both macro and micro dimensions. 

  • Exploring the role of Helminths in the Global Allergy Epidemic

    Parasites and allergies, parents and children, female and male—in studies led by WUN researchers from the Universities of Bergen, Cape Town, and Southampton, these pairings have been found to interact in some unexpected and as yet unexplained ways. With support from a WUN Sustainability Grant, the group is continuing work to understand how exposure to helminths affects susceptibility to allergies. Their interdisciplinary work blends public health, pulmonary health, immunology, ecology, and epigenetics.

  • Feasibility Study of Recommender Systems in Academia

    Recommender Systems (RSs) are systems capable of predicting the preferences of users over sets of items (given the historical user-preference data). RSs can be found almost everywhere in the digital space (e.g. Amazon, Google, Netflix), shaping the choices we make, the products we buy, the books we read, or movies we watch. However, there are almost no RSs in the academic world, where we expect they can have a great potential.

  • Gendering Migration: Women and Girls Experiences of Gender-based discrimination, abuse and violence across migratory stages

  • Global Africa Group

    The WUN Global Africa Group brings together expertise and resources from across Africa and members from the Worldwide Universities Network to facilitate a two-way understanding of Africa. 

  • Global China Group

    The WUN Global China Group (GCG) brings together the significant expertise and resources in contemporary China studies from across the Worldwide Universities Network in a two-way understanding of and engagement with China. The main focus of the GCG is understanding China's social and economic development.

  • Health Literacy and Health Education Mobility for Musicians: a global approach

  • Health Literacy Network

    The World Health Organisation reports that non-communicable diseases, primarily cardiovascular diseases, cancers, chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes are a leading cause of mortality worldwide. Of the 57 million deaths that occurred globally in 2008, 36 million (63%) were attributable to non-communicable diseases (WHO Global status report on non-communicable diseases 2010). At the same time, health literacy is increasingly recognised as a key determinant of health with growing evidence that lower health literacy is independently associated with higher rates of morbidity and mortality, poorer health knowledge, greater medication errors and higher hospitalization rates (US Agency for Healthcare and Research Quality 2011).

  • Health Promoting Responses to Climate Change

    Climate change and non-communicable diseases (NCDs) share a mutual theme—excessive energy use. This suggests opportunities for mutual solutions; interventions that reduce both greenhouse emissions and simultaneously lower the risk of NCDs (e.g. getting people out of their car is beneficial for their carbon footprint, as well as their health). This collaborative network of researchers, with strengths from both climate change and public health, works to identify priorities for climate change-NCD research.

  • Healthy Polis - Developing Urban Lifecourse Approaches in response to Climate Change

    There are two paradigms within the climate change and urban health research agendas which form the focus of this project – Future Cities and Healthy Cities.  Future Cities tends to be populated by architects and planners using a set of qualitative approaches whereas Healthy Cities seeks to promote healthy lifestyles for an urban population increasingly under pressure from measures to mitigate and adapt to climate change.

  • HOME - Health Outcomes of Migration Events

    Migration is a major global phenomenon, involving movement of people and families both within (internal) and between (external) countries. In the next four decades, all of the world’s population growth is expected to take place in urban areas as a result of rural-to-urban migration and natural growth The majority of this urban growth will take place in low and middle income countries, where the urban population is expected to double, from 2.6 billion in 2010 to 5.2 billion in 2050 (UN Population Division, 2011). The health of migrants has been a subject of some past studies. No previous work has attempted to synthesise the global evidence and examine as to whether the impact of migration varies due to the heterogeneous circumstances that migrants experience.

  • inVIVO Planetary Health (formerly in-FLAME - International Inflammation Network)

    Modern environmental and lifestyle changes are associated with an unprecedented rise in chronic inflammatory noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) The most common NCD's include allergic conditions, asthma and chronic lung disease, autoimmune disorders (type 1 diabetes, chronic inflammatory bowel disease, thyroiditis, rheumatoid disease) obesity, cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, cancer and neurodegenerative conditions.

  • Migration, Development and Global Transformations (MDGT)

    The Migration, Development and Global Transformations (MDGT) programme brings together WUN migration researchers and data experts for two workshops in 2016, in a research incubation activity supported by ongoing research and policy collaboration between the University of Bristol and the International Organization for Migration's Global Migration Data Analysis Centre, a key partner in the programme.

  • Migration Policy, Welfare Boundary, Social Integration & Health-related Quality of Life of Children from Immigrant Families

    This project brings together a team of scholars in health and social sciences to investigate the mechanism that migration policy and welfare entitlement operate on the health-related quality of life of children from immigrant families in different sociocultural contexts.

  • Multilingualism and Mobility in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres

    It is frequently claimed that linguistic and cultural diversity present challenges in contemporary societies. This diversity also presents opportunities, including ways that multilingualism can function as a bridge for intercultural encounters and intergenerational relations. Projects by network members highlight some of the benefits of linguistic and cultural diversity, and thus have potential to productively shape education and migration policies.

     

  • Open WUN

    This RDF project will develop research partnerships focused on open scholarship, with a particular emphasis on digital cultural heritage. It will fund a week long workshop in Japan drawing together experts from across the open scholarship spectrum (open data, open tools, open publication and open education) to develop new research funding applications, scoping of open scholarship within WUN, and production of a pilot demonstrating the research potential for integrating open scholarship activities within the WUN community.

  • OPERA - Optimal Pregnancy Environment Risk Assessment

    OPERA is an international, interdisciplinary program of women’s health researchers, care providers, foundations and international agencies dedicated to discovering and disseminating inexpensive and accessible tools to diagnose those women at risk for preterm birth (PTB) or other adverse pregnancy outcome as early as possible in pregnancy and to promoting effective interventions to mitigate these risks. OPERA’s initial efforts focus on risk diagnosis in populations of vulnerable women in any jurisdiction. OPERA receives support from WUN and the March of Dimes (MOD) and is recognized by the World Health Organization (WHO).

  • Promoting wellbeing across borders: migration, social remittances and health

  • Understanding Globalisation - Margins and Peripheries

    Globalisation, migration and their socio-cultural consequences are experienced across the urban and rural divide, in both the global north and south. Yet research into globalisation and migration remains, to date, largely limited to urban metropoles, primarily in the so-called ‘developed world’. This interdisciplinary project seeks to fill this gap by building a better understanding of the complex processes of globalisation in rural and peri-urban areas, with a particular focus on developments in the global south, including international migration of the Chinese diaspora.

  • Web Observatory Project

    This project addresses the growing problem of enabling the sharing of research datasets within and between universities and research labs to support interdisciplinary, inter-institutional research.